The type of windows you have affects the cost, function, and appearance of your home. Each window type serves a different purpose and there are several window styles to choose from. 

Knowing these types of windows can help you plan for both the design and the budget for either new construction or replacement windows.

1. Single Hung Windows

Single-hung windows open vertically with the bottom panel moving up and down while the upper sash remains stationary. 

This means that when you open the window, the upper sash is covered on the inside. They are one of the most common types of windows. 


  • They have more security due to the smaller opening.
  • They are typically more energy efficient because the upper sash is completely sealed.
  • They have a simple design, which makes them less expensive.
  • Single-hung windows have been used for generations, making them easy to find and install, even for older homes.


  • There is somewhat limited functionality with the window opening only one way.
  • Because only the bottom of the window can open, there are fewer ventilation options.
  • Single-hung windows can be difficult to clean from the outside.

Cost: A single hung window costs anywhere between $100 to $250. 

The cost can vary based on the window size, quality of materials, type of frame and glass used, location of installation, whether you’re purchasing for new construction or a single replacement window, or if it’s a custom order. 

Best Use: Single-pane windows are a versatile option for almost anywhere in your home. 

We see single pane windows commonly used in dining rooms, bedrooms, living rooms, or narrow areas that face pathways and outdoor streets.

2. Double-Hung Windows

The biggest difference between double-hung and single-hung windows is how they open and close. Double-hung windows open from both the top and the bottom, while single-hung only opens from the bottom.


  • Double-hung windows are quickly becoming the most popular type of windows for homeowners, which means they are easy to find and come in a variety of colors and styles.
  • They are a cost-effective option for both a single replacement or a whole home upgrade.
  • Double-hung windows with quality glass and frames can provide up to 30 to 50 percent energy savings in your home.
  • Because you can open and close both the top and bottom, double-hung windows offer more ventilation.
  • The biggest appeal of double-hung windows is the ability to easily clean both the inside and outside of the entire window.


  • As the window ages, there is an increased possibility of air leaks.
  • There is more hardware used in these types of windows, which may increase the need for hardware maintenance, repairs, or replacement.
  • To see true energy savings, you’ll need to replace all the windows – not just one.

Cost: A standard-sized double-hung window ranges in cost between $450 to $600 per window. Cost factors include the size of the window, materials used, and upgrade options in the frame, glass, or hardware. 

Best Use: Double-hung windows are perfect for anywhere in your home including narrow outside spaces.

3. Sliding Windows

A sliding window is essentially a horizontal single-pane window. The most common type of sliding window is actually a sliding glass door where both sides are usually made from single windows, and one of the sections slides over the top of the other to open or close. 


  • Sliding windows are very easy to use.
  • You can open one full side for increased ventilation and sunshine.
  • The hardware for these types of windows is very simple which makes for simple maintenance and little chance of hardware failure.


  • The only drawback to a sliding window is that it can be difficult to clean from the outside of the house. There is no way to clean the entire window from the inside. 

Cost: Sliding windows cost anywhere from $350 to $1,300 per window. That is a large range because the determining factor is the size of the window, which can vary greatly.

Other cost factors include the brand, style, and quality of materials. 

Best Use: Horizontal windows are great for places where you want or need air, but the space may be hard to reach with a traditional window. This may include rooms facing a walkway, porches, or patios. 

4. Casement Windows

Casement windows swing either out to the side or up to open. Each side of the window can open and close independently. These types of windows are nostalgic and beautiful. 


  • They provide a great ventilation option for the home.
  • When closed, casement windows provide one of the best energy-efficient windows on the market.
  • Because you can open each side completely, they are very easy to wash.


  • Casement windows are typically easier to break into, which is important to consider if you live in a highly burglarized area.
  • They are typically more expensive than other window styles.
  • There are size limitations on casement windows.

Cost: Typically, a casement window is over $1000 installed. The two biggest factors that contribute to casement window pricing is the brand of window and the size. 

Best Use: Casement windows can be used anywhere in the home but are especially popular for a home office, bathroom, living areas, and the kitchen.

5. Awning Windows

An awning window tilts open to the outside, creating an awning. These types of windows are ideal for climates with a lot of rain because you can open the window and enjoy a water-resistant awning. 


  • An awning window provides better ventilation than other window types. 
  • The tilt to the outside creates a very beautiful and modern vibe.
  • Compared to other styles, awning windows boast a lower cost.
  • When closed completely, they are very energy-efficient.
  • Because of the way they open and close, they aren’t easy to break into, providing additional security.
  • Awning windows have very versatile construction.


  • An awning window isn’t easy to get in or out of so they are not very helpful in an emergency exit situation.
  • The angle of awning windows makes them harder to clean.

Cost: Awning windows vary in cost between $300 and $1000. The wide range is due to the type of materials used, the size of the window, and the cost of labor in your area.

Best Use: An awning window is super easy to operate and perfect for hard-to-reach places. These types of windows are commonly used in bathrooms and kitchens where you may want extra ventilation.

6. Hopper Windows

Hopper windows open only from the top. They often use a crank to open and tip the top of the window to open in a V-shape. This type of window is a very efficient option in small spaces. 


  • Hoppers are a very versatile window type.
  • They are also known for providing excellent insulation because they seal up against the frame when closed all the way.
  • When open, hoppers provide excellent ventilation.
  • The mechanics of these types of windows are very easy to use.


  • A hopper window can hamper privacy because it opens from the top.
  • If left open, a hopper window can allow water directly into the home.
  • Because of the way they open, these types of windows may pose security issues in some homes.

Cost: The cost of a hopper window is generally between $250-$750 depending on the size of the window and the installation cost. 

Best Use: The best place in the house for hopper windows are basements, bathrooms, or kitchens. 

7. Bay Windows 

Bay windows are statement pieces that are flat windows set into an angled frame built out of the home. Typically, a bay window consists of a center window, and two side windows angled at 30 to 40 degrees.


  • Bay windows are a great source of light for the home and work beautifully in main living areas.
  • These types of windows actually add space to your home because of the way the window extends out.
  • A bay window is a luxurious element that adds value to your home.


  • They are expensive and potentially complicated to install which can increase the cost.
  • While increased light can be a pro, it can also allow in lots of heat.
  • Effective bay window treatments can be expensive and difficult to find for these types of windows.

Cost: A bay window is a larger window that requires a skilled installer, which is why the cost can be anywhere from $1,150 to over $3,000. Other factors that may affect the cost include the color, finish, locks, hardware, glass types, and brand of window. 

Best Use: The best place for bay windows is on the main floor of the home in an area that could enhance curb appeal. Typically, the front or back of the home, near a kitchen or living area.  

8. Bow Windows

Similar to a bay window, bow windows are custom curved windows, rather than simply angled, these types of windows create a beautiful circular area along the outside of the home. 


  • A bow window creates a beautiful indoor space for a reading nook or seating area.
  • The design of a bow window frees up more floor space.
  • A unique exterior design makes a unique statement and looks beautiful from the outside.
  • These types of windows are a great source of natural light.


  • The windows don’t usually open, so you don’t have the option for additional ventilation.
  • It can be difficult to find furniture that is compatible with bow windows.

Cost: The cost for a bay window starts around $1,000 and goes up from there depending on the number of window panels you use to create the curved bow. 

Best Use: The best place in the house for this type of window is in the front, or perhaps a corner where the window can serve both the inside and the outside of the home. 

9. Fixed (Picture) Windows

A picture window is a fixed window that cannot be opened. These types of windows are typically very large without any breaks or visible frames. They are designed to provide an unobstructed beautiful view of the outside.


  • Picture windows are one of the less expensive window options.
  • They act as a work of living art and provide an uninterrupted view.
  • Because they are completely sealed, picture windows are very energy-efficient.
  • A picture window can come in a variety of shapes and sizes to accommodate any interior style.


  • A picture window is very heavy and can be difficult to install.
  • These types of windows provide absolutely no airflow or ventilation.

Cost: A picture window is usually between $245 and $850.  The cost is based mostly on the framing material and the type of glass. 

Best Use: The best place in the house for a fixed window is facing the best view on the land. Typically, a living room, large kitchen, or master bedroom make great spots for these types of windows. 

10. Arched Windows 

Arched windows include any window with a rounded top. Typically, these types of windows are used for decorative purposes only and do not open or close.  Many times, an arched window is added above another standard window or door. 


  • Arched windows have a timeless appearance and work in a variety of architectural styles.
  • Because they are completely sealed, these types of windows provide good energy efficiency.
  • An arch or rounded window adds unique style and character to any home.


  • These types of windows can be difficult to install, which can add to an increased cost.
  • In addition to the installation costs, the detail, style, and materials in an arched window can cost more than other styles.

Cost: The cost of an arched window depends on the type of window and the installation costs. The average installed cost may be anywhere from $325 to $500.

Best Use: The best place in the house for an arched window is an entryway, roofline, or above the door.

11. Egress Windows

Egress windows are designed for safety to an escape route in case an emergency prevents you from exiting through a door. Some areas actually require one or more of these types of windows in your home for safety laws.


  • The biggest benefit of egress windows is that they are specifically designed for safety.
  • The added safety of these types of windows provides both value and comfort to the home.


  • It’s important to know local building codes, which may affect the necessity of egress windows.
  • These types of windows can be an inconvenience to install.
  • Moisture can seep in through basement egress windows.

Cost: Egress windows can be expensive at between $1000-$5000 because often they require additional excavation or build-up of landscape in order to install.  

Best Use: The ideal place (and usually the only place) to install egress windows is in a basement.

12. Garden Windows 

A garden window is essentially a mini bay window meant specifically for plants. These types of windows protrude from the inside of your home and act like tiny little greenhouses.


  • The biggest benefit of garden windows is the designated opportunity for an indoor gardening spot.
  • The effects of the glass create a mini greenhouse, ideal for budding plants.
  • Garden windows provide beautiful natural lighting and increased ventilation.
  • Using these types of windows expands storage space for gardens and supplies.
  • Because they are a unique addition, a garden window can increase resale value.


  • It can be difficult to find an ideal place for installation.
  • Typically, these types of windows carry a higher price than other styles.
  • Garden windows typically tote low energy efficiency.

Cost: The cost for a garden window varies greatly based on the materials and size of the window. A small garden window starts at $1,000 and can increase to $4,000. 

Best Use: Most homeowners prefer their garden windows to be above a countertop or near the kitchen sink.

13. Glass Block Windows 

Glass block windows are generally used to increase both light and privacy in the home. These types of windows are often frosted, colored, or have a patterned design.


  • Glass block windows are extremely energy-efficient.
  • You may be eligible for green building credits for installing these types of windows.


  • There is absolutely no natural ventilation with glass block windows.
  • In some situations, these types of windows may cause privacy and structural issues.

Cost: The cost of a glass block window is anywhere from $400 to $1000 based on window size, style, material, and assembly type. 

Best Use: The best place for glass block windows is shower doors, basement windows, wet bars, or garage windows.

14. Jalousie Windows

Jalousie windows are a unique window style that opens like a set of blinds. Simply crank the lever and the different slats of wood or metal tilt to the side and create nice airflow into the space.


  • These types of windows provide great ventilation in any space.
  • When they open up, jalousie windows provide a great open view.
  • Each panel can be individually replaced without having to replace the entire window and frame


  • These types of windows are one of the easiest windows to break into, providing very little security.
  • A jalousie window is a terrible source of air leaks and sacrifices energy efficiency in the home.

Cost: Jalousie windows are fairly inexpensive at between $175 and $350 per window based on the size and materials used.

Best Use: Although they can be used in almost any space, these types of windows are rarely used anywhere today.

15. Round Circle Windows

A round window also includes half round, elliptical, or oval shapes. Most often used for architectural styles from the Victorian or gothic era.


  • Round windows provide a unique architectural design that adds both curb appeal and home value.
  • These types of windows can be a great way to bring in additional natural sunlight into any space.


  • Typically, round windows have very little functionality, and the only purpose is for décor and style.
  • Depending on the size and style, these types of windows can be expensive.

Cost: The cost for a small round window starts around $250 and can move up to $750 or more depending on the type of glass, size, and installation cost. 

Best Use: Round circle windows look great in a variety of places. They are commonly placed above staircases, in a gable, nook, children’s room, attic, or inside doors.

16. Skylight Windows 

A skylight is essentially a window for the roof. These types of windows act similarly to a roof vent and are a great way to add more natural light and ventilation.  


  • Skylights are one of the best ways to increase natural light into the space.
  • These types of windows often make any space look larger.
  • The use of skylights can increase the home value.


  • An improperly sealed skylight could leak and cause roofing issues.
  • Skylights are always more expensive than traditional windows.

Cost: Skylights usually start at around $900 and can move up to $2000 depending on materials used and whether they are tubular or solar tubes.  

Best Use: The best place in the house for skylights is a bathroom, attic, or upstairs bedroom.

17. Storm Windows

Storm windows are designed to add another layer for blocking out drafts and heat loss when cold or stormy weather rolls in.


  • Storm windows provide one of the best windows for insulation.
  • Because of their outstanding insulation, they also provide excellent soundproofing.
  • Strom windows provide increased protection.


  • One common problem with these types of windows is moisture that may build up between the storm window and the actual window.
  • In some cases, you can’t clearly see outside past the storm window.
  • These types of windows can give a bulky and unattractive appearance.

Cost: The general cost of storm windows is between $250 and $500 depending on the type of panes, frame material, and track style. 

Best Use: Storm windows can be installed on either the outside or inside of any existing windows.

18. Transom Windows

Transom windows are decorative accent windows often placed around a door. They are typically semi-circle or rectangle shaped.


  • Transom windows provide plenty of natural sunlight into the space.
  • Because these types of windows typically have decorative coverings, transom windows provide increased privacy.
  • They are unique and decorative accent window that adds beautiful style.


  • These types of windows provide no ventilation because they aren’t designed to open.
  • Large transom windows can be responsible for increased heat gains.
  • A transom window can be difficult to clean from the outside.

Cost: The unique shape of a transom window often increases the cost. The price starts at around $200 and can increase to $600 depending on size and style.

Best Use: The most commonplace in the home for these types of windows is above the main door or window.

FAQ’s About Window Types

The best windows for privacy would be either smart glass, glass blocks, louvered, or film-covered windows.

For the kitchen, we recommend casement windows, sliding windows, and double-hung windows.

Crank windows are usually the best option to provide the best operability as well as energy efficiency.

The most energy-efficient types of windows available are casement, awning, and picture windows.

There are several materials that can be used to construct windows. At Perfect Steel Solutions, our windows are made from composite or vinyl.

Windows Makes Your Home a Better Place To Live In

Without windows, we’d be essentially living in caves. Windows are our connection from the comfort of our home to the outside world.

Windows bring light, warmth, style, ambiance, and peace. Aside from the roof over your head, these 18 types of windows are perhaps the most essential part of creating a home that is functional, beautiful, and safe.

If you wish to install or repair your home’s windows, give Perfect Steel Solutions in Fort Wayne, IN, a call today!